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In a decision issued yesterday, January 28 the court affirmed a Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB) decision invalidating key claims of an Olaplex patent. But despite an appeal from L'Oréal, other claims of the patent remain valid.
Keratin treatments are usually used to smoothe or treat frizzy hair. Olaplex and L'Oréal have been wrapped up in litigation over patents covering types of keratin treatments since early 2017.
So far, Olaplex has had the upper hand—the dispute has already seen high-profile judgments in the startup’s favour issued by the UK Supreme Court, as well as a $50 million award from a Delaware district judge.
Yesterday, L'Oréal gained a victory as it secured the invalidation of an Olaplex patent covering keratin treatments for hair and nails. The decision from the Federal Circuit affirms an earlier ruling of the US Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB).
The PTAB had found claims 1–13, 19–23, and 29–30 of the Olaplex patent (US number 9,668,954) to be invalid as obvious. L'Oréal had cited prior art including a 2002 patent owned by Japanese chemical company Kao Corporation.
The board left claims 14–16, 18, and 24–28 of the ‘954 patent, known as the ‘breakage claims’, because they cover a method of reducing hair breakage, intact.
Both companies appealed against the PTAB’s decision—Olaplex wanted the invalidated claims restored, while L'Oréal argued the breakage claims should also be ruled invalid.
The Federal Circuit yesterday upheld the PTAB decision on all counts. The litigation over the ‘954 patent began as a dispute between L'Oréal and a company called Liqwd, but Liqwd sold its rights in the patent to Olaplex in January 2020.
Taking over Liqwd’s interest in the case, Olaplex argued that a person of ordinary skill in the art wouldn’t have had motivation to combine the prior art cited by L'Oréal to arrive at the methods covered by the ‘954 patent. But the Federal Circuit said the PTAB’s findings on this point were supported by “substantial evidence”, spelling an end to Olaplex’s efforts to save the invalidated claims.
But L'Oréal also failed to convince the court that the breakage claims should be cancelled as well. The global cosmetics brand had argued that Olaplex failed to specifically address the patentability of these claims in its response after the PTAB instituted the review of the ‘954 patent. The Federal Circuit was unconvinced, noting that it was “L’Oréal’s burden to show unpatentability”.
“L’Oréal did not present this contention in its reply before the Board, but only during a subsequent conference call about Olaplex’s challenge to L’Oréal’s presentation of new evidence in its reply, and during oral argument. The Board could properly consider the contention forfeited as too late,” the Federal Circuit judgment said.
Last August, in a separate case, a judge at the US District Court for the District of Delaware ordered L'Oréal to pay $50 million to Olaplex for patent infringement and trade secrets misappropriation. The ‘954 patent was not at issue in those proceedings.
Olaplex had accused L'Oréal of using confidential information obtained during 2015 discussions over a potential buyout.
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Olaplex, L’Oréal, keratin treatment, hair, Federal Circuit, patent, PTAB