Egypt is a civil law country. Civil law systems differ from common law systems, such as the legal system of the US, in the way that courts apply the law.
Civil code systems place a greater emphasis on the written law, while common law courts help shape the law through judicial opinions that must be applied in other cases. In civil law systems, courts also take a greater role in fact-finding, often relying on an expert body to advise the court.
The expert body will not involve itself in a matter without appropriate authorisation in the applicable regulations or decree, and if such documents do not cover all of the subject matter that is implicated by a controversy, a complainant’s intellectual property (IP) infringement case may come to a standstill.
Overview of IP rights in Egypt
Egypt, Law 82, IP code, judicial system